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Viking Ships
Wolves

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Petroglyph
Two headed horse


"I misdoubt me if ever again I had come
from the realms of the Jötun race,
had I not served me of Gunnlod, sweet woman,
her whom I held in mine arms."

Håvamål   106
Odin's Quest after the Song Mead

Ship petroglyph

Viking Ships and Replicas

Digital Norseman: BCVSP Pictures: Our Ship in Being

"Munin" at her dock.



"Two are hosts against one,
the tongue is the head's bane,
'neath a rough hide a hand may be hid;
he is glad at nightfall who knows of his lodging,
short is the ship's berth,
and changeful the autumn night,
much veers the wind ere the fifth day
and blows round yet more in a month."

Håvamål

Still popular after all these years...

There are many replicas in use today and they all succeed in getting attention and interest from the general public.

As an example of the public appeal of these crafts, a recent Swedish Viking ship project (Sigrid Storråda) drew some 60,000 visitors while the ship was being built.

We know of some replicas built in the 19th century, but the majority have been built from about the 1950's and onwards.

Denmark has probably built more replicas than anyone else, but the competition is increasing.

Norway, Sweden and the US both have a number of ships sailing today and there are many more projects underway around the world, some as far away as Australia.

One traditional ship builder in Norway actually specializes in these types of vessels.

Finland has a particularly active group that has built two replicas, Rus and Hemløsa Rus, of the Lapuri boat and the last I heard they were working on a third.

It is common for the builders to sail their ships and some have made amazing voyages attesting to the functionality of the Viking ship design (and sometimes lack thereof).

Some of the groups are made up of professional marine archaeologists, others are simply interested lay persons.

All of this work is slowly re-creating a body of field tested and verified technical information about building and sailing Viking ships of different designs.

Replicas on the Internet

So far I have identified over 100 replicas with at least some information available on the Internet.

The table below contains links and some basic information about those I have managed to locate so far.

I am aware that there were quite a few more built about which there is scant public information available.

The most popular designs

The most frequently copied ships are the Gokstad ship from Norway and the Skuldelev ships from the Roskilde find in Denmark. However, as you can see from the table below, many other ship finds have been copied over the years.

The Oseberg Ship has been copied a couple of times to my knowledge, but not as often as the Gokstad Ship or the various Skuldelev Ships.

Plans for Viking Ships are hard to come by, there are none published that I know of. I have a table of offsets for the Oseberg Ship that I have posted here.

The Gokstad replicas

The Gokstad ship is the largest find to date - about 80 feet - and was a war ship. It was recovered from a burial mound. It is sleek and fast.

Replicas have made ocean passages and weathered hurricanes at sea, so this was a fairly capable vessel. It is clear, though, that the war ship is not a good general trading ship with its relatively low freeboard and limited cargo carrying capacity.

The Gokstad ship is probably the most commonly copied either in full size or as a scaled down version. The typical scale version is about 40 feet to make it trailerable.

The first full size copy I know of, Viking, was built in 1893, and sailed from Bergen, Norway via New Foundland, Canada to New York and Chicago for the 400th anniversary celebration of Columbus' discovery of America. (The insinuation that Vikings discovered America some 500 years before Columbus didn't sit particularly well with overall theme of the celebrations.) A more recent replica, GAIA of Sandefjord, Norway made an Atlantic crossing a few years ago. Sigrid Storråda of Sweden is also making extended voyages.

The Skuldelev replicas

The Skuldelev ships were sunk in Roskilde Fjord in Denmark to make a submerged barricade to protect the harbour. The ships vary in size and appear to have been working vessels rather than war ships.

The largest, the Skuldelev 1, was actually built in Sognefjord, Norway around AD 1030 where this boat type is known as a "knarr". The knarr is a merchant vessel with a large cargo carrying capacity. The replica Saga Siglar of Norway made a circumnavigation of the globe, but was lost in a hurricane in the Mediterranean Sea. Snorri of USA voyaged from Greenland to New Foundland.

Viking ship construction

Hull

The original ships from the Viking era were clinker built with planking hand split from green logs and fastened with either leather for small boats or wooden plugs - later iron rivets - for larger ships.

The wood varied, but typically the ribs, knees and keels were of hardwood like oak. The planking was sometimes oak, other times pine or spruce. The hulls were coated with tar, linseed oil or even animal fat.

Mast

The masts were pine or spruce.

Sails and Rigging

The sails were hand woven from wool and later linen. Reproducing sails in woven wool or linen is quite expensive and most replicas use canvas as the closest substitute. Many also use modern sail cloth (Dacron) for better wear and fewer problems with mildew.

The rigging was made from horse hair or hides. Walrus hides were especially prized for ropes.

Oars

Besides the sails, oars were used in calms and to move the ships in close quarters. Don't make too much of the rowing business. In war ships, rowing makes some tactical sense: lots of people, lots of oars, light cargo, kill or be killed. In the cargo ships, there were lot fewer crew, much heavier cargos and much less fun rowing. No sailor worth his salt would row if he could sail.

Some useful links

Here are some general links to sites about viking ships and ship building.

A good starting point is this great story about the Viking Long Ships in the February 1998 issue of the Scientific American, but my old weblink is broken now and they don't have the 1998 archive online.

Here is a very comprehensive list compiled by Ove Långe of findings and replicas of old Scandinavian ships.

The Skuldelev ships in Denmark are one of the most exiting finds in recent times. Follow this link to see a nice collection of pictures of the Danish Skuldelev ships. These pictures should give you a good idea of the structural details of a Viking ship.

Replicas don't have to be full size. You can build your own scale model of the Norwegian Oseberg Ship with a kit. The link has a nice picture of the model.

You may also want to try this comprehensive Swedish site on replicas and shipbuilding.

Ever wonder what treasures the Vikings carried in their ships? For a quick peek, try this link to a vendor of replicas of Viking age ornaments, jewelry etc. Or cruise by The Jelling Dragon for a view of some really marvelous replicas and recreations of historic Viking jewelry and artifacts.

Finally, some people just know how to have fun. Like the people behind the Leif Erickson Viking Ship site.

Viking ship replicas by country

The list of links to replicas provided here is arguably incomplete, but covers most of the better known ships. Some of the sites have great pictures and a lot of information about all aspects of building and sailing these great ships.

Some sites are in local languages only and some of the links may be unreliable (sorry, not my servers...).

 

Flag of Canada  Canada
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Freydis Joanna

Gokstad Faering

2008

Built by the Viking ship Museum, Roskilde, Denmark for the Danish Canadian National Museum, Alberta, Canada. Length 6.5m, beam 1.38m.

Munin

1/2 scale Gokstad Ship

 

Built in one year by the British Columbia Viking Ship Project and launched July 7th, 2002. See over 200 pictures in the Munin picture gallery. See also Munin's own site put up by the team and supporters in Vancouver.

Snorri

Skuldelev 1

1997

Taken over in 1992 by Norstead Viking Village in L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, Canada. Built by W. Hodding Carter the author of the book "Viking voyage 1000". Tried unsuccessfully in 1997 to sail from Greenland to L'Anse Aux Meadows, New Foundland, but a new attempt in 1998 succeeded.  Snorri is a knarr, length 16 m. Additional information here.

Flag of Denmark  Denmark
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Bifrost

Skuldelev 1

1989

Based on the knarr (Skuldelev 1) and built 1988-1989 for Boris N. Valentin at Hvide Sande Boat Yard, Denmark. Hull is fiberglass with a steel keel. Extensive voyages, across the Atlantic and to the South Pacific.

Blaaheia

Åfjord Boat, a faering type

?

Owned by Skibslaget Åfjordsbådene, Århus, Denmark. Sails two Åfjords boats, Søblomsten og Blaaheia. Site in Danish. Technically not Viking Ships, but these faering boats are direct descendents. And they look cool and sail well.

s

Small boat from Gokstad Ship

?

Built by Skjern-Egvad Museum where it is used to take visitors on short trips. Length 10m. Havornen also kept here (see below).

Estrid

Gislinge Boat

1995

Copy of a small boat from mid-1100 AD. Length 7.7m, beam 1.64m. Built and operated by the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, Denmark.

Freja

Based on 10th century find from Danzig.

1998

Launched 1998. Owned and operated by Snekkeklubben, Frederikssund, Denmark who also operate Kraka. Picture gallery here. Length13.7m.

Freja Byrding

Skuldelev 3

1984

Built 1982-1984. Owned by the Ships Guild of Freja Byrding, Hejlsminde, Denmark. Length 43 ft.

Havhingsten fra Glendalough

Skuldelev 2

2005

Built 2000-2005. The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, Denmark built the "Sea Stallion from Glendalough", currently the world’s largest Viking Ship in operation. Roskilde, Denmark. 100 ft, 60-100 persons. Additional information.

Havørnen

2/3rd replica of the Gokstad ship

1985

Skjern-Egvad Museum, Western Jutland, Denmark. Widely traveled ship – amazing story. 16 meters.

Helge Ask

Skuldelev 5

1991

Built by the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, Denmark 1990-1991 using radially split planks. Owned and operated by Vikingeskibslauget (Viking Ship Guild) Helge Ask. Most of this site is Danish with some shaky translations here and there. Built by the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, Denmark. Helge Ask was damaged at anchor in a storm in 1995. To see pictures of Helge Ask, follow the link to Skuldelev 5. and click the "Submit" button at the bottom of that page to execute a search in the NAVIS I Project's image database. Length 17.5m (52 ft), beam 2.5. 26 oars. 30 persons.

Imme Aros

Based on the Ellingå Ship of AD1163

1969

Built by Danish Scouts and launched as Imme Aros. Taken over by Struer Museum who renamed it Imme Struer (see below).

Imme Drøpner

Based on the 2 small boats found inside the Gokstad ship

1970s

Appears not to be an active ship. No available online information. No links.

Imme Gram

Ladby Ship

1963

Built 1963 by Danish Scouts. Operated by Tønder boat guild, Denmark 65 ft, 32 persons. For more than 40 years Imme Gram sailed in Danish waters from her base at Kvalø, Denmark. Unfortunately, Imme Gram foundered and was irretrievably lost July 26, 2009. Original, official site taken down.

Imme Heidrun

Based on the 2 small boats found inside the Gokstad ship

1969

Built 1969 by the Danish Scouts in Frederiksværk, Denmark. Owned and operated by Yggdrasil Skibsklan in Denmark who also operates Røskva (see below). Retired from serious sea duty. I can only find a page in Danish for this ship now.

Imme Skinfaxe

9/10th replica of the Skuldelev 3

1982

Built 1980-1982. Owned by Skinfaxe Boat Guild, Group Heidrun. Built by boy scouts. Lying at S/F Syd, Copenhagen. Fast little ship, which has become a popular version with other builders. Official site in Danish. Additional information in English here. Length12m.

Imme Sleipner

Inspired by the Kvalsund Boat and the Oseberg Ship

1981

Built in Roddinge, Denmark. Shipwrecked 1999. Length 15.2m, beam 3.2m. Not an exact replica, but drawing on the Kvalsund Boat and the Oseberg Ship. The sail and rigging were reconstructed on the basis of the Gotland picture stone Riddare.

Imme Struer

Ellingå ship of AD 1163

1969

Built 1968-1969. The Ellingå Ship is not strictly a Viking Ship because it was built after the official end of the Viking era (I guess no told the builders because the lines are very true to the classic Viking Ship lines). Owned by Struer Museum, Holstebro - Struer harbour

Jelling Orm

Display ship, not a replica of a specific find.

1990

Built 1986-1990. Skibslauget Jelling Orm, Lake Fårup, south of Jelling, Jylland. Built of larch on oak, sawed wood.

Kraka

Danzig/Gdansk Ship

1971

Owned and operated by Snekkeklubben, Frederikssund, Denmark who also operate Freja. Length 40 ft, 7-15 persons. Picture gallery here.

Kraka Fyr

Skuldelev 6

 

Owned by the Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, Denmark. 34 ft, 12-14 persons.

Lindheim Sunds

Skuldelev 5

1977

Built 1975-1977. Owned by the guild  Lindheim Sunds og  Skibslag 5, Rantzausminde yard harbour, Svendborgsund, Fyn, Denmark. 54 ft, 30 persons. Official site is in Danish only. Additional information about Lindheim Sunds (in English).

Nidhug

Inspired by the Gokstad Ship

1998

Owned by Maritimt Forsøgscenter a.m.b.a., Lyndby Strand, Denmark 48ft. 3-25 persons

Nydam Boat

Nydam Boat

In progress

The Nydam Boat, 2-400 AD,  is not a Viking Ship, but a very important find documenting the evolution of the Northern European boat building techniques and designs. It is on display at Gottorp Slot (Gottorp Castle) in Slesvig. Project is run by Nydamselskapet in Sonderborg, Denmark. Length 23m.

Ottar

Skuldelev 1

2000

Built 1999-2000. Owned by the Viking Ship Museum  in Roskilde, Denmark 48 ft, 6-8 persons. A knarr or trading/cargo ship.

Ran

Faero boat

?

Technically perhaps not a Viking Ship, but a very traditional and sturdy boat used by fishermen in the North Sea to this day. Length 8m, beam 2.15m.

Randaros

9/10 copy of Skuldelev 3

In progress

Under construction by Vikingskips Lauget (Viking Ship Guild) Randaros, Randers, Denmark. Length 13 m, beam 3.5 m.

Roar Ege

Skuldelev 3

1984

Built 1982-1984. One of the many ships built by and at the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, Denmark 45 ft, 5-6 persons. Based on  Skuldelev ship 3. Built using radially split planks.

Røde Orm

Inspired by the Gokstad Ship

1995

Smaller than Nidhug, and same owner Maritimt Forsøgscenter a.m.b.a., Lyndby Strand, Denmark. Length10.5m.

Røskva

9/10 copy of Skuldelev 3

2000?

Operated by  Skibsklan Yggdrasil, a group of Danish Scouts in Antvorskov, Denmark who also operates Freja (see above).  Length12 m. page in Danish, one picture.

Sebbe Als

Skuldelev 5

1969

Built 1967-1969. Famous Viking Ship replica with a long history. Augustenborg, Denmark 52 ft (17m), 30 persons, 24 oars.  Skuldelev ships 5. Additional Sebbe Als information.

Sif Ege

Skuldelev 3

1990

Built 1983-1990. Owned by the Viking Ship Guild Sif Ege, Frederikssund, Denmark. Length 43 ft. Skuldelev ships 3

Søblomsten

Åfjord Boat, a faering type

?

Owned by Skibslaget Åfjordsbådene, Århus, Denmark. Sails two Åfjords boats, Søblomsten og Blaaheia. Site in Danish. Technically not Viking Ships, but these boats are direct descendents. And they look cool and sail well.

Thor

Skuldelev 5

2005

Built 2003-2005 with additional work like sails and rigging in 2006. Launched 2005. Owned by Neesunds Vikingeskibs Laug. Length 15.8m, beam 2.5m.

Tilia Alsie

Hjortspring

 

Owned and operated by Hjortspringbåtens Laug (Hjortspring boat guild) in Denmark. The (original) Hjortspring Boat was built about 350 BC somewhere in the Baltic area and excavated in 1921 - 1922. Length 19m.

Vildhoppen

Based on bronze age boat

?

Technically not a Viking Ship since it is modeled after a bronze age boat. Owned and operated by Odsherred Brozealderlaug (Bronze Age Guild) bronze age guild, Zealand, Denmark.

Flag of Finland  Finland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Hemløsa Rus

Lapuri ship

1996

Rebirth of RUS. Many voyages, very active group. Great site. Ship now owned by the Ostrobothnian Museum since 2001.

RUS

Lapuri ship

1991

RUS was sailed extensively. Eventually wrecked in 1994 after many voyages.

Sotka

Lapuri-boat

1997

Owned by the Viikinkiajan Laiva association, Helsinki, Finland. Replica of the Lapuri-boat, which is the only Viking ship to be found in Finland. Site opens in Finnish, look for language button. Sponsored by the city of Helskinki to take part in the Helsinki 2000 festivities.

Flag of France  France
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Dreknor

Gokstad Ship

2008

A copy of the Gokstad ship in Normandy, France. Normandie Heritage page. Pages in French. Some more pictures here.

Sillage

Lapuri ship.

1999

Supposedly, a French non-profit association (AIR) in Normandy was building two Lapuri Ship replicas with timber from Finland. The first was supposedly launched in the summer of 1999 and sailing on the river Seine. No link, no information appears to be available on this other than the reference on the RUS Project site.

Flag of Germany  Germany
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Bialy Kon (White Horse)

Ralswiek 2 find

1998

Joint Danish/Polish research project. The four finds at Ralswiek on Rugen Island, Germany were dated to the 9th and 10th century AD. The link is to a German museum page (Shciffshistorische Archiv Flensburg) and in German. Bialy Kon is housed at Gross Raden, Germany. Made experimental voyages like a 1998 Baltic Sea Voyage.

Dziki Kon

Ralswiek/Rugen 2

2000

Built by the Archaeological Open-Air Museum, Gross Raden. Length 9.5m, beam 2.55m. Site in German.

Frigga

?

2005

Built by Poeler Bootsbau GmbH in Germany.  Sister ship to Wiking Sage (see below) that sailed across the Atlantic in 1991-1992. Length 39’ 8”.

Svantevit

Lebafelde Boat

1998

Copy of a ship found at Lebafelde, Poland. Site in German. Original dated to about 1100 AD. Built and owned by Ukranenland, a German historical site, a village and a host of ongoing projects. Other information about Svantevit. Also operates Svarov (see below). Length 14m. Note: site is confusing about whether Svantevit is a copy of Lebafelde or Charbrow – these are two different finds.

Svarov

Ralswiek/Rugen 2

1997

Built by  Ukranenland, a German historical site, a village and a host of ongoing projects. Alos operates Svantevit (see above). Length 10m.

Wiking Saga

?

?

German Viking Ship sailed 1991-1992 by German adventurer Burkhardt Pieske across the Atlantic. Length 14m.

Flag of The Netherlands  Holland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Orm

Oseberg scale copy

1983

Downscaled Oseberg ship replica built by Henry Houben, Holland. Length 10 m. Very active, some long voyages. Great story.

Ormen Friske

Based on the Gokstad ship

1949

Dramatic story beyond belief – mystery resolved after 40 year. Lost at sea with 15 men off Helgoland in 1950, possibly as a result of drifting too close to a NATO air force bombing range in a storm during active bombing practice. Link is to a story in Swedish with a picture of Ormen Friske.

Roskilde Ship

Inpsired by Skuldelev find

?

Small replica built by Henry Houben, Holland. Precursor to more ambitious project Orm (see above).

Flag of Iceland  Iceland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Islendingur

Gokstad Ship

1996

Icelandic replica of the Gokstad ship launched 1996. It was built by Gunnar Marel Eggertsson, a capable Icelander who skippered GAIA, the Norwegian replica, on a 14-month voyage from Norway to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Islendingur will lead a flotilla of Viking ships on a voyage from Reykjavik, Iceland to Brattalid on Greenland to L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, Canada. A picture of Islendigur from another Icelandic site. Iceland 2000 has an itinerary of the voyage. Length 22m.

Flag of Ireland  Ireland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Dyflin

Gokstad ship

1988

University of Wales Bangor replica project. Damaged by fire. Featured in the documentary, "In Search of Ancient Ireland". Old site no longer up. No links.

Flag of Isle of Man  Isle of Man
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Odin’s Raven

2/3 Gokstad Ship

?

Built in Norway as copy of the Gokstad Ship. Ship sailed from Norway to Isle of Man, UK in 1979. Housed in museum in Peel, UK. Picture here: Odin’s Raven

Flag of Norway  Norway
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Aasa

Oseberg

2009

Copy of the Oseberg Ship. Built 2007-2009 in Riga, Latvia. Sailed to Norway. Located in Sandefjord, Norway. More pictures here.

Borgundknarren

Skuldelev 1.

1993

Replacement for Saga Siglar. At Sunnmøre Museum, Norway.

Dronningen

Oseberg Ship

1978

Replica of the Viking Royal Barge from Oseberg. Length 76 feet, 28 oars. Foundered without loss of life shortly after launch.

Embla

Based on traditional lines

1994

Embla is owned by Stiftinga Embla (Embla Association), a Norwegian women’s organization. Nordfjord and Sunnmøre, Norway. Their motto is "Ro for fred" (row for peace). Ship and members travel extensively to bring their message to the world. Site is in Norwegian; the English version appears not to be working (Oct. 2010).

Gaia

Gokstad

1990

Built 1989-90 in Bjørkedalen, Norway. Presented as a gift to the City of Sandefjord in 1993. Gaia is now maintained and operated by Båtlaget Gaia. Pages in Norwegian. GAIA has voyaged extensively, made ocean crossing and weathered a hurricane at sea. In Sandefjord, Norway. Read a short article about a GAIA voyage. GAIA was built 1989-1990 in Bjørkedalen, Norway. Sailed extensively with long ocean crossings. Ragnar Thorseth skippered GAIA from Norway to New York, USA in 1993. GAIA then sailed to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and back.

Haakon Haakonsson

2/3 scale copy of Gokstad Ship

1997

Launched as Olav Tryggvason. Sold in 2003 to a group of enthusiasts in a Viking Guild in Bergen, Norway, who renamed it Haakon Haakonsson. 8 oars (pairs).

Haarek og Gyda

 

 

Strandefjorden Fritidspark (Leisure Park), Leira, Valdres, Norway, operates two "byrdings" in Fagernes, Norway. Length 10.5m, beam 2.5m. 10 rowers per boat plus helmsman. Site in Norwegian, pictures.

Kvalsund Færing

Kvalsund Ship 2, faering

1973

Replica of the smaller of the two Kvalsund Ships, the fearing (four oars). Located at Herøy Kystmuseum, Norway. Length 9.5m, beam 1.5 m.

Kvalsund ship

Kvalsund Ship 1

 

Full-scale replica of the larger of the two Kvalsund Ships. Located at Sunnmøre Museum, Norway. The Kvalsund Ships were built about 100 years before what we now call the Viking Age which started sometime in about 7-800s AD and lasted until about 1100 AD.

Lofotir

Gokstad Ship

?

Built in Northern Norway. Sank around 1999, salvaged from 37 meters depth and brought back to working condition. Shown in a video (Norwegian dialogue) that seems to be everywhere. Little information beyond that.

Mjøsen Lange

?

1995

10 oar ship built 1995 (hull no. 5) at Bjørkedalen, Norway. Owned and operated by Stiftelsen Mjosen Lange, a boat guild, in Lillehammer, Norway. Length 10,5 m, beam 2.4 m. Sails on Mjøsa, Norway's largest lake. Voyaged to several European destinations. Only Norwegian Viking ship to participate in the planned 7 nation, 14-ship flotilla that will sail the coast of New Foundland and Labrador, Canada for the Leif Erikson Milennium celebrations at L'Anse aux Meadows.

Oseberg

Oseberg

In progress

Stiftelsen Nytt Osebergskip is building a full-scale replica of the Oseberg Ship. In association with the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway and the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, Denmark. Site shows pictures from the ongoing building project.

Rond

Fjørtoft boat.

?

The ship is part of the Viking camp "Raukr" in Hadeland, Norway. Site appears to be down.

Saga Siglar

Skuldelev 1

1983?

Replica of a knarr, a very sturdy cargo and trading ship. Sailed around the world 1984-86. Sank during a storm in the Mediterranean Sea in 1992. Length 54 ft. Lots of material about this ship in books and media, but no active website. Google it and you will find pictures and videos on YouTube.

Salarøy

Fivering

1991

Copy of a Nordland fembøring (fivering: five pairs of oars) sailed by the guild Arctandria in Tromsø, Norway. Technically not a Viking Ship, but these ships are built to this day and are hardy and sea worthy. Some have made incredible voyages in harsh North Sea conditions.  Site in Norwegian.

Tyra

Skuldelev 6

?

Donated by Jon Gjedebo to Stiftelsen Rugier (Rugier Association) in 2008. Site in Norwegian. Other Picture. Claims to be building another Viking Ship .

Flag of Poland  Poland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Jomsborg

65% scale copy of Gokstad Ship

2000

Owned and operated by Jomsborg Vikings Hird in Poland. Built 1999-2000 at ChaƂupy on the Hel Peninsula. Length 15.5m, beam 3.25m, 24 oars. Several voyages.

Flag of Russia  Russia
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Havorn

2/3 replica of Gokstad Ship

1985

Smolensk, Russland. 2/3 scale replica of the Gokstad ship. Length15.6m, beam 3.7m.

Nevo

Small river ship

1991

Made in Russia. Sailed from Kotka, Finland, to Greece in 1991. Eventually destroyed in Greece. Site in Russian. Length 12m, beam 3.2m. 10 oars.

Flag of United Kingdom  Scotland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Aileach

Hebridean Birlinn (Celtic Galley)

1991

Strictly speaking not a Viking Ship, but important because these ships were developed from the Viking ships and instrumental in breaking the Vikings’ grip on Ireland. Built 1991 at Donegal, Eire with lines recreated from spotty historical evidence as no galley remains have been found. The galley introduced a stern hung rudder rather than the steering board (from which we have the term starboard (right side of a ship) still in use today. Owned by the Lord of the Isles Galley Trust, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Flag of Shetland  Shetland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Skidbladner

Scale replica of the Gokstad ship

1999

Built in Sweden. Later purchased by Shetland Amenity Trust, Shetland, to form part of The Viking Unst Project.

Flag of Sweden  Sweden
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Aifur

Small river ship inspired by several finds

1992

Viking ship at Sigtuna Museum, Sigtuna, Sweden. Voyaged extensively, e.g., sailed to Russia in 1994 and 1996. Length m, beam 2.2m, weight approx. 800 kg.

Aluett

Kalmar 1

1995

Built 1994-1995. Owned by Marinmuseum (Maritime Museum) in Karlskrona, Sweden. Copy of a surprising find in a slew at Kalmar Castle. Probably a forerunner to the later Cogs. Dated to about 1200 AD so a technically not a Viking Ship, but an example of where the building tradition was moving. Interesting construction details. Site in Swedish with some cool pictures. Length 11m, 15 tons. Used for several voyages.

Anund

Knarr, free interpretation

1996

Owned and operated by a group of Swedish enthusiasts in Vesterås, Sweden. Built 1993-1996. Adaptation from five different originals. Many local voyages. Additional information about Anund (in Swedish). Length 12m, beam 3.9m, displacement 6 ton, 8 oars.

Asgard

Skuldelev 1

In progress

Asgard is reportedly under construction by a non-profit organization in Sweden near the town of Hagfors. No link.

Embla

Gamla Upsala find

1996

Built by Gamla Uppsala Hembygdsförening in association with Uppsala University and Länsarbetsnämnden in Upsala.

Erik Emune

Fotevik Ship 1

1997

Built at Foteviken maritime centre, Sweden. Background information from Foteviken Museum. Owned by Foteviken Museum, Høllviken, Sweden.

Galten

Galtaback

 

Galtabacksskeppets Bygglag (boat guild) owns and operates a replica of the Galtabäck 1 ship in Varberg, Sweden. Click on menu item Bildgalleri to see pictures. Site is in Swedish. 14m, beam 4m.

Glad av Gillberga

Skuldelev 5

1998

Built 1995-1998. Owned and operated by Foreningen Vikingaleden in Glafsfjord, Varmland, Sweden. Built in tradition style and with traditional methods. Length 17.5m, beam 2.9m. 13 oars. Site in Swedish.

Hevring

Inspired by small Viking age boats

In progress

Started 2006. Project in progress by Himinglave Hantverkslag. Inspired by small boats from the Viking age. Length 6.5m. Pictures, pages mostly in Swedish.

Himingläva

 Small boat (seksring) from Gokstad Ship

2001

Built 1998-2001 and owned by Himinglave Hantverkslag, Trosa, Sweden (near Stockholm). Foreningen Vittfarne owns and operates Himinglava. Six oars (three pairs). Made long voyage from Sweden through Caucasus to the Caspian Sea. Pictures. Additional information here.

Krampmacken

Bulverket Boat

1980

Built 1979-1980 in Visby, Sweden. Other information about Krampmacken (in Swedish). Widely traveled, rich history. Based on the Bulverket find dated to ca 1130 AD. Wikipedia page (in Swedish). Design copied and derived from finds and illustrations, particularly rock carvings from Gotland. Length 9m.

Ottar

Based on the Årby boat

1998

Reported to be from Sweden, but appears not to be active. The Årby boat is a small boat and plans are available here. Sometimes described as a Viking Canoe.  Length 3.95m, beam 1.05m.

Regin

Inspired by various Viking Ships

 

Project completed by five enthusiasts. 10 oars. Voyaged in the Baltic. Damaged at a dock in St. Petersburg, Russia, but restored to working order.

Sigrid Storråda

Gokstad Ship

1995

Built over two years. Owned and operated by Föreningen Vikingaskeppet Sigrid Storråda in Vänern, Sweden. Replica of the Gokstad ship. Very active ship, many voyages. Rigged wit a unique sail that’s controversial among the more traditionally minded.

Skibladner

Modified copy of the Gokstad ship.

?

Skibladner is in Stockholm, Sweden.

Starkodder

Foteviken Boat

1996

Built 1995-1996. Owned by Sällskapet Vikingatida Skepp (The Society of Viking Age Ships), in Gotenburgh, Sweden. Length 10m, beam 2.6m. 6 oars.

Stefnir

Valsgärde 14

2001

Built independently by Gamla Uppsala Hembygdsförening based on experience gained from the building of Embla (1996), see above. Original dated to about 800 AD. Length 10.5m, beam 2.2m. Site in Swedish.

Talja

Viksbåt

 

Built 1996-1998 by Föreningen Viksbåten. Length 9.34m, beam 2.18m. Site has interesting construction details. Site in Swedish.

Thor Viking

Inspired by Oseberg and Gokstad

1984

Built by Peter Adrian, Arvika, Sweden. Length 7m, beam 2.3m.

Vidfamne

Äskekärr find of 1933

1994

Owned by SVS - Sällskapet Vikingatida Skepp  (The Society of Viking Age Ships), Gothenburg, Sweden. Length 16.5m. Alternative information (in English) by Ove Långe. A knarr type replica.

Viking Plym

Half scale Gokstad Ship

1912

Owned by Täby Vikinga Skeppslag. Viking Plym is one of the world’s oldest Viking Ship replicas. (Viking, built in 1893 is older.) Quite a story. Built in 1912 by August Plym to promote his shipyard.

Flag of Switzerland  Switzerland
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Vinland

Scale copy of Gokstad Ship

1990

French replica built 20 years ago (as of 2010) by Jean-Luc Gauthier of Switzerland. Crossed the Atlantic. Dramatic incident in 2010 in Europe where Vinland capsized and the crew had to be rescued after hanging on to the wreck in water. See news report (in French). Length 18 m. Site (in French) has lots of pictures from the building of Vinland. Crossed the Atlantic both ways shortly after it was built.

Flag of United Kingdom  United Kingdom
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Hugin

 ?

1949

Built in Denmark and sailed to Thanet, UK. Now on display at Pegwell Bay, Ramsgate, Kent, UK. Other pictures.

Flag of USA  USA
Ship Name Copy Of Launch Notes

Blackbird

Gokstad faering

?

 Previously owned and operated by a group of Viking enthusiasts in Ohio, USA. (22 ft 5 persons). Picture here. Now owned by Vinland Long Ship in Connecticut who renamed it Soar Roster (see below).

Faering

Small boat (faering) from Gokstad find.

?

Built in Seattle, rowed/sailed to Juneau, Alaska where it is now located. No link.

Fyrdraca

Ralswiek/Rügen 2

1979

Retired from service with the Long ship Company: 2003 after nearly 25 years in service. Length 32’ 2” or 10m, beam 9’ 2”. 12 oars, 6-24 persons.

Gyrfalcon

Inspired by faering found with the Gokstad Ship

1981

Owned and operated by The Long ship Company, Maryland, USA. (21 ft, 5 persons). Length - 20', Beam - 5', Draft - 2' (plus steer board), Displacement - 250 lbs, Sail Area - 80 Sq ft, Oars - 4 (8'), Crew - 3 to 5

Hjemkomst

Modified design based on old finds.

1973

Owned by the Heritage Hjemkomst Interpretive Center, Moorhead, Minnesota, USA. Active ship. 1982 sailed from Duluth, MN, USA to Bergen, Norway. Length 76.5', beam: 17.5’. Oars: 32 (16 pr.) Crew: 13. Additional information.

MAHS Viking Ship Project

Small boat from Gokstad Ship

1999

Great project with pictures showing how students at Minersville Area High School, Minersville, PA, USA, built a full-scale replica of a faering. Now on display at the Nordic Heritage Museum, Seattle, WA, USA. Length 18 ft. Some additional information here.

Norseman

Half scale Gokstad Ship

1992

Owned and operated by the organization Leif Ericson Viking Ship, Pennsylvania, USA. Length 36', beam: 9'. Fiberglass hull. Very active.

Ravnen

?

1974

No longer in service. The Leif Ericson Viking Ship organization has the story – and it’s a fun one. Length 26 ft, beam 6 ft.

Redwolf

?

?

Rumored to be under construction in San Antonio, Texas, USA. Length 40 ft, 17 persons. Perhaps it’s a stealth Viking Ship. Just kidding.

Sea Hrafn  (Sea Raven)

Inspired by Skuldelev 5 and Ralswiek/Rugen 2

2005

Owned and operated by the Long ship Company in Maryland, USA. Built in California and launched 2005.  Length 39 ft  (12m), 18 persons.

Skelmir

?

?

Owned by the Ansteorran Long Ship Project. San Antonio, Texas, 22 ft, 8 persons.

Skogar Þrostur

Gokstad Faering

 

Owned and operated by Vinland Long Ship in Connecticut, USA. Length 22 ft.

Viking

Gokstad Ship

1893

First serious replica to be built. Built 1893 at Rødsverven shipyard in Sandefjord, Norway. Sailed across the Atlantic Ocean via New Foundland, Canada to Chicago in The United States for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition. Formerly in Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, USA, Viking is undergoing conservation work in Geneva, Illinois, USA. Additional information about Viking.

Wulfwaig

?

?

Another phantom ship. Supposedly in Oklahoma City. Length 21 ft, 5 persons.

Yrsa

A shallow keel Viking raider long ship

?

Owned and operated by Viking Sam, a fun guy who calls himself a "viking living historian" in Missouri, USA. Length 27 ft, 8 persons.

 



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